Fudō Myō-ō 不動明王
Fudo Myo-o - Japanese Spelling
Also known as OFUDŌ-SAN or FUDŌ-SAMA
Origin = India. Manifestation of Dainichi Nyorai.
Member of the Myō-ō Group. Best known of the Myō-ō.
Fudō literally means “immovable” (his faith is immutable).
Patron of People Born in Zodiac Year of the Rooster.
Fudo-myo, Mantra in Japanese
Fudō Mantra in Japanese
naa maku saa man daa ba sara nan kan
Fudō Myō-ō is the central deity in all Myō-ō groupings, and in artwork is positioned in the center. Fudō is a personification of Dainichi Nyorai, and the best known of the Myō-ō, who are venerated especially by the Shingon sect of Japanese Esoteric Buddhism (Mikkyō 密教). Fudō converts anger into salvation; has furious, glaring face, as Fudō seeks to frighten people into accepting the teachings of Dainichi Buddha; carries “kurikara” or devil-subduing sword in right hand (representing wisdom cutting through ignorance); holds rope in left hand (to catch and bind up demons); often has third eye in forehead (all-seeing); often seated or standing on rock (because Fudō is “immovable” in his faith). Fudō is also worshipped as a deity who can bring monetary fortune. Also, Fudō's left eye is often closed, and the teeth bite the upper lip; alternatively, Fudō is shown with two fangs, one pointing upward and other pointing downward. Fudō’s aureole is typically the flames of fire, which according to Buddhist lore, represent the purification of the mind by the burning away of all material desires. In some Japanese sculpture, Fudō is flanked by two attendants, Kongara Dōji and Seitaka Dōji. In artwork, Fudō is often accompanied by Eight Great Youths. Fudō is also one of the 13 Deities 十三仏 (Jūsanbutsu) of the Shingon Sect in Japan. In this role, Fudō presides over the memorial service held on the 7th day following one's death.
Myō-ō is the Japanese term for Sanskrit "Vidyaraja," a group of warlike and wrathful deities known in English as the Mantra Kings, the Wisdom Kings, or the Knowledge Kings. Myō-ō statues appear ferocious and menacing, with threatening postures and faces designed to subdue evil and frighten unbelievers into accepting Buddhist law. They represent the luminescent wisdom of Buddhism, protect the Buddhist teachings, remove all obstacles to enlightenment, and force evil to surrender. Introduced to Japan in 9th century, the Myō-ō were originally Hindu deities that were adopted into Esoteric Buddhism to vanquish blind craving. They serve and protect the various Buddha, especially Dainichi Buddha. In most traditions, they are considered emanations of Dainichi Buddha, and represent Dainichi’s wrath against evil and ignorance. In Japan, among the individual Myō-ō, Fudō is the most widely venerated.
Sanskrit / Chinese Spellings and Translations
Ācala-vidyā-rāja, Acala Vidyaraja (Sanskrit for Fudō Myo-o)
Āryācalanātha 阿奢羅曩, Acalanatha (Sanskrit for “Immutable Lord” or “Immovable Lord”)
阿奢羅曩 (Chinese for Acalanatha);
also 不動尊, 無動尊, 阿奢囉逝吒, 不動使者
五明王 Wǔ Míng Wáng (Chinese for “Five Ming Wang”
or “Five Great Kings”)
不動 Bù Dòng (Chinese for Fudō, literally “unmoving, immovable, imperturbable”)
不動明王 Bù Dòng Míng Wáng (Chinese for Fudō Myo-o)
不動佛 (Chinese for the Sanskrit Ācala-vidyā-rāja”
Central deity among the Five Great Myō-ō Kings; positioned in the center among the five
Japanese Spellings and Translations
明王 Myō-ō, Myou-ou, Myo-o, Myoo-oo (“Vidyaraja” in Sanskrit)
不動明王 Fudō Myō-ō, Fudo Myo-o, Fudou Myou-ou, Fudoo Myoo-oo
不動 Fudō, Fudo, Fudou, Fudoo
常住金剛 Jōjū Kongō, Fudō’s mystic esoteric name; lit. “Eternal and Immutable Diamond”
五大明王 Godai Myō-ō, Five Great Kings; Fudō is their leader; positioned in center
Fudō is especially important to Japan’s Shingon Sect of Esoteric Buddhism
Fudō often appears in Japanese artwork with two attendants named Kongara Dōji 矜羯羅童子 and Seitaka Dōji 制た迦童子; sometimes with two messengers named Kimkara 矜羯羅 and Cetaka 制吒迦; and sometimes with a group of eight messengers called Hachidai Dōji 八大童子